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In today's highly dynamic business environments, organizations have to be able to rapidly adapt to changing internal and external contexts and contingencies. Considering business processes to be a set of messages that trigger individual behavior rather than a strictly predetermined way of enacting given steps towards reaching a business goal facilitates this ability. The shift of perspective towards individuals acting in an organization towards a common goal enables the flexibility required for adaptation while still maintaining well-defined representations that allow for validation and execution support.

The ability to individualize the work practices within a business process and the possibility of modeling from a local rather than a global point of view are the core properties that distinguish subject-oriented business process modeling from other approaches focusing on the sequence of activities rather than the flow of communication. People can describe their actual ways of performing tasks and are only required to know and describe their interfaces to other subjects. 

The acquisition and alignement of individual work process knowledge has hardly been addressed methodologically and technically so far.  Following the individual centered philosophy of S-BPM, work process knowledge should be captured and reflected upon in the current work situation of an individual or a group of individuals collaborating, enabling them to set up or revise the work practices whenever the need arises.